- Direct For example, harassing a gay man over his sexuality.
- Indirect For example, requesting a large number of written references from all prospective employees, including newly arrived migrant workers. The requirement is likely to put migrant workers at a disadvantage compared with other groups. Unless the employer can justify the requirement and its extent, there may be indirect discrimination against the migrant workers.
- By association for example, refusing entry to a person to your fundraising event because s/he is accompanied by a particular person, such as a person with a disability.
- By imputation for example, refusing a service to a person because it is thought the person is a member of the traveller community.
- Gender (man, woman, transsexual)
- Marital status (single, married, separated, divorced, widowed)
- Family status (parent of a child under 18 or resident primary carer or parent of a person with a disability)
- Sexual orientation (gay, lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual)
- Religion (religious belief, background, outlook, or none)
- Age (all ages above the maximum age at which a person is statutorily obliged to attend school)
- Disability (people with physical, intellectual, learning, cognitive or emotional disabilities and a range of medical conditions)
- Race (race, skin colour, nationality, ethnic origin)
- Traveller community (people identified both by travellers and others as having the shared history, culture and traditions of a nomadic way of life on the island of Ireland).
There are a limited number of defined exceptions to these categories - contact the Equality Authority for further information: http://www.equality.ie